“Some areas of knowledge seek to describe the world, whereas others seek to transform it.” Explore this claim with reference to history and one other area of knowledge.
Natural Sciences are currently transforming the medical field with the use of stem cells found in adult blood. Awaiting approval, doctors are now changing transplants by imputing the recipient’s stem cells into the designated organ awaiting transplant to minimize the danger of the body rejected said organ. Therefore, people on the transplant list will not have to wait for a long time, they will have a higher chance of getting an organ safer and faster. Alongside transformation, Natural Sciences are currently describing the process of how diverse landscapes are more productive and adapt better to climate change. Wonderment about scientific analysis has been in the human thought process throughout history. Essentially, science concerns the description of the world around us: inquiring the techniques of each advancement, doubting the obvious, and constantly delving into nature to interrogate further. Superstitions inundated the intricacies of nature in the Middle Ages. Aristotle attacked the most perplexing issues of the day, and was actually able to convince the masses of his most advanced ideas. Objects in outer space, for example, were drawn to the Earth because they “yearn to be united with the Earth” (Kaku). His expository that objects slow down because they are “tired” seemed plausible and Aristotle’s simplifications were accepted as valid for almost 2,000 years, but they didn’t seek to transform the world, they primarily sought only to illustrate natural phenomena. Of course, as years progressed, Aristotle’s assertion about the motion of objects failed to produce transformation, not because of lack of intention, but, in fact, the ideas were simply wrong. Not until the beginning of modern physics was the true power of science realized. Then, and only then, did the scientific description finally produce transformation. It wasn’t until Isaac Newton’s discovery of the Law of Gravitation that the mysteries were solved of the motion of stars and planets. Even modern day scientist still use laws instilled by Newton to calculate the motion of rocket ships blasting into space, airplanes circling the globe, or the trajectories of missiles being fired. His discoveries set the course for some of the grandest transfiguration in history, starting with the industrial revolution, then the invention of modern machinery, to the start of the modern age. Even Newton himself, with his open minded, vast imagination and thought process, could not have foreseen the significance, or magnitude of the effort he put into his work causing such a metamorphosis in human civilization. Enlightenment of the world was achieved mainly because he set out to describe the motion of stars and planets. He succeeded in utilizing the discoveries in science that brought mankind to the realization that the potential of the practical study of science lengthens past description and right on into transformation.
It is seen that history can only describe the past, while particularly transforming the present, future, and our interpretation of the past. Historical knowledge can transform “the world”, but not the same aspect of “the world” that it describes. While a particularly superfluous philosopher could point out that all human beings eventually die and decay, it would not change the fact that it happens. Knowledge of a phenomena is necessary to consciously transform the world, but it does not guarantee this ability. During the era of the British Empire, there was an uprising created by the African people of Kenya. They called themselves the Mau Mau, they were trying to drive the British people out of Kenya. Yet many of them were captured, tortured, and taken to “Prison” camps, and during this time the people were oppressed and their story was never truly spoken, until now. Just recently the Mau Mau gathered a case against Britain, telling the unspoken truth that hurt so many men, women, and children. There was no hard evidence that this atrocity had happened, until Hanslope Park was discovered. Hanslope Park was an unknown government facility that withheld classified information that would help the Mau Mau’s case. Not only was it just information pertaining to the Kenyan colonies, but also information that affected every colony of the British Empire. This secret building had tons of information that could rewrite history, and change the present shared knowledge about the past of the Mau Mau and the British Empire.
There are those who claim it is the transformation and where the transformation brings a person to accurately describe the world today. They say seeing a change in the world is the only way to truly describe the world. For example, in the Mau Mau case, the discovery of the new knowledge transformed what we knew about the Mau Mau. Now we have a better description of our history due to the transformation of what we thought we knew and what we now know. Also in the latest research pertaining to Stem Cells, the transformation from before to the future is truly a good description of the progress that our scientific field is making. However, it takes a description to know how to transform the world.